Acute Pharyngitis

This is an infection of sudden onset (acute) affecting the throat (pharynx). Usually starts with a virus the symptoms include severe sorethroat, cough and fever. Sometimes, there is a scratchy and itchy sensation. This condition is often self-limiting and resolves in 5 to 7 days.

On examination, the tonsils are normal. The back of the pharynx is often red, swollen (cobblestone appearance) and sometimes exudates are seen. The nose is not involved.


This is purely symptomatic in nature.

  1. Pain Relief – simple analgesia to numb the pain.
  2. Hydration – plenty of fluids usually taken orally is important
  3. Corticosteroids – only in the more severe infections.
  4. Antibiotics – usually not necessary unless secondary bacterial infection takes place.
  5. Cough suppressants
  6. Mucolytics