Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV is mainly caused when calcium carbonate crystals (known as Otoconia) embedded in the gel utricle becomes dislodged and migrate to one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semi-circular canals,…

Continue Reading Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Vestibular Neuronitis

This is an inflammation (-itis) of the vestibular nerve (neuro) usually caused by a virus. This is an acute condition and presents with sudden onset of spinning lasting hours associated…

Continue Reading Vestibular Neuronitis

Chronic Otitis Media

There are two types of chronic middle ear infection; a chronic perforation eardrum (tubotympanic type) and entrapment of skin in the middle ear (cholesteatoma).Tubotympanic typeIn some patients with acute middle…

Continue Reading Chronic Otitis Media

Ear wax

Ear wax is produced by wax (ceruminous) gland situated at the outer part of the external ear canal. It serves to protect the ear canal from dust, dirt and infection.…

Continue Reading Ear wax

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis is a common infection of the tonsils, usually caused by viruses or bacteria. Tonsillitis can occur just once (acute tonsillitis), or frequently (recurrent tonsillitis). They usually present with severe…

Continue Reading Tonsillitis

Laryngeal Cancer

Laryngeal cancer is associated with heavy smoking and alcohol intake. Symptoms include Hoarseness – progressive hoarseness is the commonest symptom of laryngeal cancer. Any hoarseness of more than 3 weeks…

Continue Reading Laryngeal Cancer

Vocal Cord Nodules

Vocal cord nodules are benign growths from the vocal cords. They arise from voice overuse and abuse. Hoarseness is the main symptoms. A nasendoscopy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis.…

Continue Reading Vocal Cord Nodules

Acute Pharyngitis

This is an infection of sudden onset (acute) affecting the throat (pharynx). Usually starts with a virus the symptoms include severe sorethroat, cough and fever. Sometimes, there is a scratchy…

Continue Reading Acute Pharyngitis