Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

BPPV is mainly caused when calcium carbonate crystals (known as Otoconia) embedded in the gel utricle becomes dislodged and migrate to one or more of the 3 fluid-filled semi-circular canals,…

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Vestibular Neuronitis

This is an inflammation (-itis) of the vestibular nerve (neuro) usually caused by a virus. This is an acute condition and presents with sudden onset of spinning lasting hours associated…

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Chronic Otitis Media

There are two types of chronic middle ear infection; a chronic perforation eardrum (tubotympanic type) and entrapment of skin in the middle ear (cholesteatoma).Tubotympanic typeIn some patients with acute middle…

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Ear wax

Ear wax is produced by wax (ceruminous) gland situated at the outer part of the external ear canal. It serves to protect the ear canal from dust, dirt and infection.…

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Acute Otitis Media

Otitis (inflammation) media (middle ear) refers to an infection of the middle ear compartment. If the symptoms are less than one month in duration, it is known as acute otitis…

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