Nasal polyps are grape-like growths from the sinus cavities as a result of severe infection.
- Nasal blockage – from physical blockage from the polyps which are visible with an endoscope.
- Hyposmia – a common symptom in patients with polyps. A result of the olfactory (smell) area being isolated from the rest of the nasal cavity by the polyps.
- Discharge – usually thick and viscous
Most patients with polyps will require surgery. Medications can reduce the size and severity of polyps but not often does it offer a long term cure. Oral steroids and antibiotics are most effective in management of polyps.
The surgery required is Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS). However, nasal polyps are notorious for recurring after surgery.